Canadian Copyright Laws

Terms of Use

UNDRIP 2007 Article 30 

This is a living document and will be updated over time


This website and its contents are protected by Canadian Copyright Law. Except as otherwise provided for under Canadian Copyright Law, this website and its contents may not be copied, published, distributed, downloaded or otherwise stored in a retrieval system, transmitted or converted in any form or by any means, electronic or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Please contact: Oqwilowgwa Kim Recalma-Clutesi for further information or permission


Terms of Use

The knowledge on this website is sacred public knowledge that can be public and can be shared with the public, however there are terms of use. For example, the Ninogaad Knowledge Keepers Foundation logo is not freely usable without prior written permission of the Ninogaad Knowledge Keepers Foundation; images and photographs are subject to copyright laws and may not be used without prior written permission of Ninogaad Knowledge Keepers Foundation. All content on the Kwaxsistalla website is the intellectual property of Ninogaad Knowledge Keepers Foundation or Oqwilowgwa, as named guardian for Kwaxsistalla's knowledge shared over the past three decades in this format.

The knowledge posted on this website was passed on to Kwaxsistalla from his Ninogaad and they received it from their ancestors from the beginning of time. The rights to use this sacred knowledge on this platform  here was validated through ceremonies that recognized its guardians. When it comes to sacred transferred knowledge, in order to understand or share that information one needs to acquire it through living it and understand clearly the obligations associated with possessing such sacred knowledge.  Indigenous knowledge holders and cultural specialists are bound by and governed by the rules of our ancestors through each Nations particular customary laws. All cultural knowledge remains with the Clan and its current Clan Chief, Kwaxsistalla. These rules contrast sharply and often differ with academic or media rules for copyright and chain of title, etc.

Barry Barclay wrote about the real emotional hurt that comes from being dispossessed of ones spiritual ceremonies in his book Mana Tuturu Maori Treasures and Intellectual Property Rights. We honour his work here and recognize the internalized aggression that results from Indigenous people being driven out of their own societies and cultures by colonial practices.

We continue to work towards restoring the sacred teachings through understanding the parameters by which they can be shared and by offering carefully those teachings which may be shared safely in public venues.


This website also recognizes and adopts the following:

Article 30 of the 2007 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) that support Indigenous peoples' "...right to maintain, control, protect and develop their intellectual property over...cultural heritage, traditional knowledge, and traditional cultural expressions..."